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  MOTOR OILS
The oils used for greasing of conventional engines are called motor oils. Depending on assignment of them subdivide into oils for diesel engines, oils for petrol engines and universal motor oils  designed for greasing engines of both types.

The oils used for greasing of piston internal combustion engines, name motor. Depending on purpose oils for petrol engines are subdivided into oils for diesel engines, universal engine oils which are intended for greasing engines of both types. All modern engine oils consist of base oils and improving additives. According to temperature limits of working capacity engine oils are subdivided into summer, winter and all-weather oils. As base oils use components of various viscosities, residual components, mixes residual components, and also synthetic products. On structure of base oil engine oils are subdivided into synthetic, mineral and in partially synthetic (mixes mineral and synthetic components).

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Oil M-8V (GOST 10541-78) prepare from a mix residual components or a component of narrow fractional structure with an effective composition of additives. Use all seasons in petrol engines automobile and lorries with periodicity of replacement up to 18 thousand in km of run, and also as winter oil for autotractor diesel engines.
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Oils M-8G2k and M-10G2k (GOST 8581-78) differ from oils M-8G2 and M-10G2 only essentially more effective compositions of additives that enables to increase terms of replacement of oil, successfully to use oils M-8G2k and M-10G2k in modern automobiles KAMAZ, ZIL, and also buses IKARUS.
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Oil M-14G2k (TU 38.401-58-98-94) has the same structure, as oils G2k (GOST 8581-78). It is intended for four-cycle transport diesel engines. It is possible to apply instead of oil M-10G2k to years operation of autotractor diesel engines in regions with long and hot summer.
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Oil MT-16P (GOST 6360-83) with use of new more effective composition of additives the level of operational properties of oil MT-16P exceeds requirements to oils of group B2. Apply to greasing transport diesel engines such as V-2 and similar on a level of speeding up engines.
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(GOST 25770-83) makes oil M-16IHP-3 from mix residual components, developed of sulphurous oil. Contains a specific composition of additives. Apply to greasing the forced transport diesel engines, switching and engines with pressurization.
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Oil of M-16DR (GOST 12337-84) differs from oil M-14DR only a few the greater viscosity of a basis. It is intended for greasing ship two and four-cycle diesel engines such as DN 23/30, CHN 26/26 and CHN 30/38 at work on fuel from mass fractions of sulfur up to 0,5 %. Possesses the raised stability ageing.
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Oil M-20G2 (GOST 12337-84) will consist of residual base oil and the composition of additives providing reliable greasing in specific conditions of duple diesel engines. It is intended for operation of ship and stationary diesel engines such as DN 23/2x30.
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